Editorial Introduction to Volume on:
Legal Practice and Societal Complexity, and a Global University System (GUS) of World-wide Peace
Cor van Dijkum
In this volume we will address two subjects: one on legal practice and societal complexity in a special on Dutch Law of Dr. Antoinette Muntjewerff and one on global warming and global peace of Prof. Dr. Takeshi Utsumi.
The article on legal practice and societal complexity refers to the methods and tools legal practitioners use to approach their object. In the legal field methodology is not much elaborated and does not get much attention. A pioneer in this field is Antoinette Muntjewerff who addresses already for some decades methods on legal problem handling by students, lawyers and judges. In her article “Methods in Jurisprudence and Legal Practice” she addresses an important issue of the ongoing discussion in jurisprudence and legal practice on the lack of scientific status and the lack of a legal methodology in jurisprudence and in legal practice. She approaches the subject of methods in jurisprudence and legal practice a social science research way by raising the research questions: What do legal scientists and legal practitioners do? How do legal scientists and practitioners perform these tasks? For classifying the tasks she uses methods from computer science. The methods of the legal science and legal practice mostly remain implicit. This is an ongoing problem by doing scientific research in law. It also is a problem for legal practitioners. In this article Muntjewerff introduces an approach to explicit the methods that are used. Legal practitioners have to perform a series of tasks, in order to arrange this she makes a distinction between the ‘ideal world’ and the ‘real world’. Within these worlds she distinguishes three levels of abstraction. In this model the tasks of the legal practitioners can be classified. Classifying a task is the first step to make methods explicit. The next step is to analyze the task. For analyzing the tasks methods from the field of computer science are taken. An example of constructing a legal solution for a problem is given to illustrate the classifying and task analysis of one of the central tasks of a legal practitioner.
We are delighted that we have the opportunity to publish some of the interesting plans for changing the world into a better place by publishing the ideas of Prof. Dr Takeshi Utsumi. In his article he gives indications to mitigate global warming and to come to a more sustainable and peaceful society. He selects major world-wide complex societal problems: climate change and wars. He indicates that an answer to these threats have to come from science. The scientists and the universities should cooperate in order to establish this goal.
Prof. Dr Takeshi Utsumi does practice what he preaches. He has dedicated a large part of his scientific time to accomplish this goal. He started a global university in which highly qualified scientists all over the world cooperate on real life projects such as Gaz project in Russia. It is very important to have persons who have energy, the guts, and the idea to improve the quality of living. At first side his approach might seems utopian. Yes indeed the world is ruled by money, selfishness, anger and greed, and the ones who are in power are usually not willing to share the power of the benefits or the money. Nevertheless a better world is needed and this could start by having good ideas of cooperation instead of fighting and competitiveness. As Takeshi says: ’A Global University in which the knowledge can be world–wide helps to understand mutual cultures and might lead to world-wide peace.’ We are happy to publish these interesting ideas as a scientific article of Takeshi, slightly edited by the main editors of this journal.
We are looking forward to the reactions on both articles.